Schools and libraries must meet statutory definitions to be eligible for Schools and Libraries Program support.
For purposes of universal service support, schools must meet the statutory definition of elementary and secondary schools found in the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (20 U.S.C. Section 7801(18) and (38)):
Schools operating as for-profit businesses or that have endowments exceeding $50 million are not eligible. In many cases, non-traditional facilities and students may be eligible. For more information regarding specific eligibility of Head Start, pre-kindergarten, juvenile justice, and adult education student populations and facilities, visit the Non-traditional Education page. An Educational Service Agency (ESA), which may operate owned or leased instructional facilities, may be eligible for Schools and Libraries Program support if it provides elementary or secondary education as defined in state law.
Libraries must meet the statutory definition of library or library consortium found in the 1996 Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA) (Pub. L. 104-208) and must be eligible for assistance from a state library administrative agency under that Act.
The definition of a library includes:
A library's eligibility for support also depends on its funding as an independent entity. Only libraries whose budgets are completely separate from any schools, including but not limited to, elementary and secondary schools, colleges and universities shall be eligible to receive discounted services.
For example, an elementary school library is only eligible to receive discounted services if its budget is completely separate from the elementary school. If its budget is not completely separate from the elementary school, the elementary school library is not eligible for support independent from the school with which it is associated.